Victory With Helium: Power Moves For New People



Ok, so you just found Heli­um and are won­der­ing what to do next? Let’s walk through the whole sys­tem so you’ll know what to do and what NOT to do. We’ll go through the ecosytem of Heli­um, the incen­tive of HNT, explain Heli­um Wal­lets as well as the Burn and Mint equi­lib­ri­um, and make sure you get start­ed the right way the first time.

The Ecosystem

Heli­um is a blockchain that encour­ages you to pro­vide prov­able wire­less cov­er­age for the Inter­net of Things (IoT).

This wire­less cov­er­age is NOT WiFi, and it won’t give you internet*. 

Heli­um allows a wide vari­ety of devices, called sen­sors (door open/close, park­ing lot sen­sor, tem­per­a­ture & humid­i­ty, etc), to trans­fer their data onto the inter­net. Ulti­mate­ly, Heli­um aims to be a ubiq­ui­tous net­work that allows any­one to eas­i­ly install a wire­less sen­sor that con­nects to the inter­net. For exam­ples of how Heli­um is being used today, you can see exam­ples rang­ing from CO2 mon­i­tor­ing to track­ing vehi­cles to activ­i­ty mon­i­tor­ing, and even a bet­ter mouse­trap.

In order to pro­vide cov­er­age, any­one can order and deploy a Heli­um-com­pat­i­ble Hotspot. Hotspots are a com­bi­na­tion of com­put­er and radio and are made by many dif­fer­ent man­u­fac­tur­ers, from RAK to Bob­cat to Syn­cro­bit, Seeed, Ker­link, and more.

Inside the Hotspot, the com­put­er runs the blockchain min­ing oper­a­tions and tells the radio what and when to broad­cast. The radio does what the com­put­er tells it, and it reports to the com­put­er what it “hears”.

In return for min­ing, broad­cast­ing, and receiv­ing, each Hotspot earns some por­tion of the 2,500,000 HNT (Heli­um Net­work Token) cur­rent­ly dis­trib­uted every month.

Heli­um is run by VERY smart engi­neers who have built an incred­i­ble sys­tem. If you see some­thing that does­n’t make sense, it may take some time to under­stand it. Know that Heli­um explains every­thing as if you’re an engi­neer who already under­stands what they’re explain­ing. It always makes sense, but it can take a long time and some effort to under­stand. That’s one of the things I try to help you with on this site. 🙂

If you’d like to under­stand as part of a group, con­sid­er join­ing the Gris­tle Crüe, where we meet week­ly on Zoom and have a pri­vate Dis­cord to bring you up to speed and keep you at the bleed­ing edge of what’s going on.

Cool, I think I get it. So…why is every­one I talk to about Heli­um so bonkers about it?

The Incentive: HNT

Heli­um Net­work Tokens, or HNT, are what dri­ve this whole train. The bet­ter the cov­er­age you pro­vide (pages and pages have been writ­ten on how to pro­vide excel­lent cov­er­age), the more HNT you earn. HNT is a cryp­tocur­ren­cy and can be trad­ed for many oth­er cur­ren­cies, includ­ing US dol­lars. That’s most­ly why peo­ple are going so bonkers for Heli­um. That, and the fact that it’s the lead­ing edge of a wave of tech­nol­o­gy that’s about to change our entire soci­ety, but…let’s leave that for now and focus on the fundamentals.

Hotspots earn HNT for 4 dif­fer­ent actions: 

  • Cre­at­ing a Challenge
  • Bea­con­ing a Chal­lenge (you’re act­ing as a “Chal­lengee” in this case)
  • Wit­ness­ing a Challenge
  • Pass­ing Data on the Network

Need more info on the PoC cycle of Chal­lenges, Bea­cons and Wit­ness­es? Go deep here.

For turn­ing HNT into USD I most­ly use, but I’ve also used Bilaxy. In gen­er­al, cryp­to exchanges can be unre­li­able. If you do trade HNT for any­thing, I sug­gest get­ting it on the exchange, mak­ing your trade, and pulling your earn­ings off the exchange in as short a time as possible. 

For buy­ing Hotspots, check out Heli­um Deploy, here.

At the time of this writ­ing, you could buy 1 HNT for about US$20.

Let’s Talk Helium Economics 

As a casu­al user, you can basi­cal­ly book­mark this whole Eco­nom­ics sec­tion with: The price of HNT will be spec­u­la­tive until we hit mass net­work adop­tion, then the price will de-cou­ple from cryp­to and reflect an actu­al mar­ket val­ue. IF that hap­pens, it will prob­a­bly be a major source of wealth cre­ation for hold­ers of HNT.

Heli­um man­ages the sup­ply of HNT in a few ways. The longer ver­sion is here, in HIP 20. The short­er ver­sion is below. 

First, there’s a max­i­mum sup­ply; no more than 223 mil­lion HNT will ever come into exis­tence. Every 2 years, the amount of HNT made avail­able for dis­tri­b­u­tion is cut in half, a process called (wait for it…) Halving. 

Until Aug 2023, the Heli­um Net­work has a tar­get pro­duc­tion rate of 2,500,000 HNT/month. That HNT gets dis­trib­uted amongst investors, Hotspot own­ers, Val­ida­tors, and Net­work Data Trans­fer. More on those in a minute.

The sec­ond way Heli­um man­ages the sup­ply is with a Burn & Mint Equi­lib­ri­um. What the heck is that? We’ll have to back­track a bit here. Remem­ber when I said you could use a sen­sor to trans­fer data on the Heli­um net­work? Well, you pay for the data not with HNT, but with Data Cred­its (DC). The only way to get Data Cred­its is by “burn­ing” HNT

When you “burn” and HNT, you “mint” a Data Credit.

The val­ue of a Data Cred­it does­n’t change (it’ll always cost $0.00001 per DC), but the val­ue of HNT can swing wildly. 

As the Net­work starts get­ting more use, more HNT will be burned to cre­ate DC. With less HNT on the mar­ket, the price of HNT will (prob­a­bly) go up. As the price of HNT allows you to buy more Data Cred­its to use the Net­work, you need less and less HNT to do the same amount of work. 

Of course, at some point, you run out of HNT, right? I mean, there IS a cap to how much will be mined.

Nope. There’s one more man­age­ment tool when it comes to HNT, and it’s called Net Emis­sions. Net Emis­sions is one of those eco­nom­ic tools that flum­mox­es most of us and fas­ci­nates economists. 

For the geeki­er types…Net Emis­sions means that every time Data Cred­its are used (and HNT is burned), an equal num­ber of HNT will be mint­ed to replace that. The catch? There’s a cap to the total HNT that can be mint­ed per epoch. What’s an “epoch”? Short ver­sion: About 30 min­utes. Long ver­sion here. With a cap to Net Emis­sions, Burn & Mint can still be a use­ful defla­tion­ary force. 

Tech­ni­cal­ly, we could still run out of HNT, but it’ll take 50 years and my guess is that with­in 20 years the idea of Heli­um will be as anti­quat­ed to us now as pagers cur­rent­ly (2022) seem. 

Ummm, enough about economics…where do I keep my HNT? I heard something about a wallet?

A “Wal­let” is real­ly just access to an address on the blockchain. It’s not a phys­i­cal thing. Most peo­ple use the Heli­um app to cre­ate and man­age their wal­let. When you first down­load the Heli­um app on your phone and cre­ate a wal­let, you’ll be instruct­ed to write down 12 words. Those 12 words are the ONLY way to access your wal­let. If you lose those words, you lose access to that wal­let, and any HNT or Hotspots attached to that wal­let. The 12 words are a big deal.

You can sign out of one wal­let and sign into anoth­er wal­let on the same phone; the wal­let is NOT locked to your phone. You can’t have both wal­lets open simul­ta­ne­ous­ly on one phone.

For ease of use, the app also cre­ates a PIN for your wal­let. Once you’ve signed in to your wal­let on the app, you’ll just need the PIN to access it again, instead of typ­ing in the 12 words each time. Every time you sign out and then sign in again, you have the option to change your PIN. Your 12 words nev­er change.

A Wal­let is the con­troller for a Hotspot; every Hotspot that is earn­ing is attached to just one Wal­let. You can have mul­ti­ple Hotspots in your Wal­let, but you can’t have mul­ti­ple Wal­lets that split a Hotspot.

Wal­lets are pub­lic; any­one can see your wal­let address, how many HNT are in that wal­let, and how many Hotspots are attached to your wal­let. Since you can have more than one wal­let, it’s not a bad idea to have mul­ti­ple wal­lets just for a lit­tle bit of pri­va­cy. Use one to man­age your hotspots, and anoth­er wal­let with no hotspots attached to it as a “sav­ings” account where you rou­tine­ly trans­fer your HNT to. It’s not a fool­proof sys­tem, but it does make it a lit­tle more dif­fi­cult for any­one to see just how much HNT you’ve earned.

Ok, cool, so I’ve got a wal­let and a hotspot. What do I do now?

Managing Your Hotspots

You man­age your hotspots from your wal­let. When you’re signed into your wal­let on the Heli­um app, you can change, or “re-assert” their loca­tion. You can change the stat­ed ele­va­tion of the anten­na. You can change the stat­ed gain of the anten­na. As of ear­ly Sept 2021, none of those report­ed stats mat­ter, but they all even­tu­al­ly will feed into the earn­ings algo­rithm, so it’s a good idea to accu­rate­ly state your ele­va­tion and anten­na gain. 

Speak­ing of chang­ing loca­tion, I think it’s rea­son­able to “assert”, or place your hotspot with­in about 150 meters of where it actu­al­ly is. You don’t have to be any more accu­rate than that. This will give you (or your hosts, if you’ve placed your hotspot at some­one else’s loca­tion) privacy. 

Cur­rent­ly and for the fore­see­able future, while the Heli­um App and Explor­er will only show you the loca­tion of a hotspot down to a res 8 hexa­gon (a res 8 hex is about 1,000 meters across). Still, the Heli­um API allows any­one with an under­stand­ing of the code to see more or less exact­ly where you’ve assert­ed your hotspot. For my clients, I usu­al­ly sug­gest assert­ing it at the clos­est street inter­sec­tion with­in 150 meters.

Wait, did you say “antennas”? Aren’t those the single most important thing ever in Helium?


Anten­nas are one of those things that seem like they’re real­ly impor­tant, but they’re not. They’re kind of sim­i­lar to how you looked in high school; zero rela­tion to what you end­ed up doing in real life. I’ve writ­ten a bunch about anten­nas to help dis­pel the notion that they have a huge impact on earn­ings. They don’t. 

If you want the best anten­na out there for most sit­u­a­tions it’ll cost $150 plus ship­ping. It usu­al­ly won’t make more than a 15% dif­fer­ence over a cheap piece of sh*t. I like nice things, so that’s what I use, but most of the time it won’t be mag­ic. If you just want an anten­na that works very well but does­n’t cost as much, try any­thing from McGill.

The sin­gle biggest mis­take peo­ple make when buy­ing an anten­na that can have a neg­a­tive impact on earn­ings is to think that high­er gain = bet­ter anten­na. It does­n’t. A high­er gain does­n’t get you any­thing except a nar­row­er radi­a­tion pat­tern. Occa­sion­al­ly, if you’re try­ing to punch through one or two dense strips of trees, a high­er gain can help. Most­ly, they just hurt.

But, but, but, Witnessing makes me the majority of my HNT, and I have to have a great antenna to Witness, right?

Nope. I wrote about that in Can I Get A Witness?

Ok Nik, so what actually makes a difference?


The loca­tion of your hotspot is the num­ber one deter­min­er of your HNT earn­ings. If you’re in a place with opti­mal den­si­ty and vol­ume of hotspots you’ll earn more. If you’re in a place with too few hotspots that your hotspot can “see” you won’t have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to Wit­ness Bea­cons. If you’re in a place where it’s too dense you’ll Wit­ness plen­ty of Bea­cons, but they’ll be low value. 

The den­si­ty lim­its are cov­ered by HIP 15 and 17, which is described in the “opti­mal den­si­ty and vol­ume” link, above.

I’ve got a HIP 17 explain­er video, as does Heli­um, and just about every YouTu­ber on the plan­et. It’s com­plex, but not impos­si­ble. You got this!

A good rule of thumb for min­i­mum vol­ume (num­ber of hotspots your hotspot can “see”) to earn max­i­mal­ly is around .005% of the network. 

[Num­ber of Hotspots on the Net­work] x [.00005] = Min­i­mum num­ber of hotspots your Hotspot should be able to reli­ably see in order to rou­tine­ly wit­ness beacons.

That’s neat, although I don’t do math. Is there another way to think about earning more?

Opti­miz­ing your Heli­um Hotspot con­sists of pick­ing the best loca­tion, get­ting up to the min­i­mum ele­va­tion required for that loca­tion, and then using the right gear. Each one of those steps is pro­gres­sive­ly less impor­tant. If you want a rough guide for this, start here.

The right gear has very lit­tle to do with your earn­ings, where­as loca­tion & ele­va­tion are crit­i­cal. If you’d like help with under­stand­ing how to opti­mize your Hotspot (and make sure you know how and where to move it if need­ed), I’m avail­able for hire. For about the price of one extra hotspot you’ll know every­thing you need to know in order to earn the most out of your deploy­ments. You can also join the Gris­tle Crüe and be part of a com­mu­ni­ty all learn­ing togeth­er and help­ing each oth­er. I built it for you!

Thanks Nik! Just a few more things. WTF is a relay? Is it bad? Can I fix it?


Hav­ing a hotspot be “relayed” means, in short, that instead of your hotspot report­ing direct­ly to the blockchain, all of its report­ing infor­ma­tion gets passed through, or relayed, by anoth­er hotspot. This hap­pens because your fire­wall blocks your hotspots from talk­ing to the inter­we­bz. Your hotspot then has to “relay” all its infor­ma­tion through near­by hotspots.

This means the infor­ma­tion flow is slow­er and less reli­able, and you’re less like­ly to earn HNT. Being relayed does not always mean you’ll earn less, although it usu­al­ly does. If you’re relayed, it’s a good idea to go through @Jason from Dis­cord’s fan­tas­tic “Solv­ing the Relay Prob­lem” flow.

Hey, I bought a [insert Hotspot manufacter here] is it the best one?


Min­ers, (also called “Hotspots” or “Gate­ways”) are made by many dif­fer­ent man­u­fac­tur­ers. They’re all about the same, though in the rush to meet the demand some man­u­fac­tur­ers have had more prob­lems than oth­ers. You can buy Hotspots here.

In gen­er­al, I’ve found the RAK V2s to be the best of the lot, most­ly because they’ve had the most time to work on their prod­uct. Bob­cats and Sense­caps are also good, though the Bob­cats will need a heat sink if you put ’em out­side or in the attic. Nebras are con­sid­ered the worst of the bunch, though there were high hopes for them ear­ly on. With a lit­tle fid­dling, all hotspots can be improved upon as far as being sta­ble and per­form­ing well in the heat. 

No hotspot is faster or high­er earn­ing than any oth­er hotspot as far as com­par­ing brand/model to anoth­er brand/model. When choos­ing what hotspot to buy, make sure you fol­low the link above or from Heli­um’s Approved Man­u­fac­tur­er page as a ton of scam­mers have popped up to take advan­tage of your desire for a Hotspot. 

One very impor­tant thing to note when it comes to Heli­um Hotspots is that Heli­um itself does­n’t have any con­trol over the man­u­fac­tur­er.

In gen­er­al, the process is that a man­u­fac­tur­er applies to the DeWi alliance (a neu­tral third par­ty enti­ty with no dogs in the fight) for a license to make hotspots. The man­u­fac­tur­er pro­vides a sam­ple prod­uct to the DeWi Alliance and makes a bunch of promis­es about how great its prod­uct will be.

Heli­um is NOT the enti­ty that assess Heli­um-com­pat­i­ble Hotspots. The DeWi Alliance con­sid­ers each appli­ca­tion and does its best to assess whether or not a man­u­fac­tur­er can do what it claims it can do. 

If a man­u­fac­tur­er makes a mis­take, or does­n’t do some­thing well, there isn’t a rea­son­able for Heli­um to some­how pun­ish that man­u­fac­tur­er; that’s left up to the mar­ket. It’s the fairest way pos­si­ble to admin­is­ter a decen­tral­ized net­work, though it can be bloody frus­trat­ing if you’re the one who bought a unit that nev­er arrives.

Can you tell me about any other weird little details I might need to know?


Con­nec­tions between hotspots and anten­nas can be con­fus­ing. There are RP-SMA, and some­times SMA, and some­times N‑type con­nec­tors. The best way to fig­ure out what you need is to fig­ure out what the con­nec­tor is on what­ev­er you’re con­nect­ing, then get a cable with the oppo­site gen­der con­nec­tor. Yes, it’s that sim­ple. Yes, it also feels risky and frus­trat­ing. You got this! If you’d like a table of what con­nec­tor your hotspot prob­a­bly needs along with pic­tures of what it all looks like, go here. 

That’s it, most of Heli­um in a nut­shell. Now you know enough to get start­ed on deploy­ing your Heli­um Hot­pots, using your wal­let, and con­tribut­ing to the Net­work. Let’s do this!

*Tech­ni­cal­ly, the cov­er­age is called Long­Fi. You don’t need a SIM card to access Long­Fi, there’s no min­i­mum fee to use the net­work, and ranges are up to 100 times that of WiFi. It’s very dif­fer­ent than WiFi, even though they both trans­fer infor­ma­tion wirelessly.


23 responses to “Victory With Helium: Power Moves For New People”

  1. Hi Nik ~ Need your 4 dig­it code on Dis­cord so I can send an invite, I reside in So Cal­i­for­nia and have an issue my RT240 reg­is­tra­tion port for­ward­ing. Thank you!

  2. Hi Alex,
    Start here. I’m 0634, though I try not to do any trou­bleshoot­ing over DM in Dis­cord; that way every­body can learn togeth­er rather than just 1 at a time.

  3. I just spent an hour or so look­ing at a selec­tion of 50 hotspots includ­ing mine, and man­u­al­ly count­ed up the amount of “Sent Bea­con” sig­nals shown in explor­er over the last 30 days — came back with some inter­est­ing read­ing! for the relayed hotspots, in my total­ly unsci­en­tif­ic study the aver­age sent bea­con fig­ure was 0.66 a day, for non-relayed the aver­age was 1.7 a day, near­ly 3 times more! just shows how impor­tant relay­ing is to earn­ings, (and worth men­tion­ing DHCP bind­ing in there as part of the port for­ward process too, as peo­ple dont under­stand that part) and shows how much less HNT you’re earn­ing if you’re main­ly wit­ness­ing relayed hotspots — peo­ple miss­ing out on a for­tune in HNT because oth­ers don’t both­er to set up port for­ward­ing. I wish Heli­um would give out and offi­cial fig­ure for bea­cons sent for relayed vs non relayed, as peo­ple on dis­cord not real­is­ing this and still think­ing being relayed isn’t real­ly a problem.

  4. Nik!

    The OG him­self. Mr. Gris­tle King.

    This is with­out a doubt the best, most sim­ple and most effec­tive expla­na­tion of Heli­um I’ve yet to come across. You, sir, have a gift of explain­ing the com­plex to a fifth grad­er. Bravo.

    I’ve been doing the Heli­um thing for about a year now, and have learned a lot. But I con­tin­ue to learn more and share the Heli­um oppor­tu­ni­ty with friends and fam­i­ly. I’ll be shar­ing this post with them, just as I tweet­ed it out to the world. BTW, why aren’t you on Twitter…???

    Thanks for all of your great con­tent and will­ing­ness to edu­cate, inform and lead the com­mu­ni­ty. Appre­ci­ate you!

  5. […] things dif­fi­cult to under­stand for those of us who are not tech­no­log­i­cal­ly savvy. Know­ing the dif­fer­ence between a pack­et for­warder and a min­er, a gate­way and a sen­sor, a serv­er, a router, and […]

  6. Do you think theres any ben­e­fit in hav­ing 1 wal­let per hotspot? I have this weird thought that the net­work would penalise peo­ple with lots of hotspots, espe­cial­ly if they were in the same neigh­bour­hood. I have 6 and I am sure the 3 close togeth­er at mine and my neigh­bours are being ‘throt­tled’ as theyre the same set­up as the oth­ers in a very sim­i­lar area and used to earn more than the oth­ers until I added all 3…

  7. Hi Nick, that does­n’t make sense. I won­der what else is going on?

  8. William Avatar

    Hi there I want to send a sec­ond min­er to a friend in a bet­ter place…. It’s a bit too far to trav­el and I want the hotspot in my wal­let how do I add a min­er and then send to friends, what app will they then use thanks this is a great site

  9. Hi William, you can add the min­er to your wal­let, then “assert the loca­tion” at your friend’s place. Send the device to him, and he can use the Heli­um app to get your Hotspot added to his local WiFi. Does that make sense?

  10. William Avatar

    Hi Nik thanks for your reply, just to clar­i­fy… to add the sec­ond min­er to my wal­let do I need to plug it in and sync…. If so do I need to unplug my first min­er that I am keep­ing here? Will my friend need to down­load a Heli­um app to pair it… sor­ry for all ques­tions but I am still a bit con­fused and thanks again

  11. No wor­ries. Plug in the sec­ond min­er, con­nect to it via Blue­tooth, add it to your wal­let, assert the loca­tion at your friend’s house, wait an hour or so, then unplug and send it off. No need to sync or unplug your first miner.Yes, your friend will need to down­load the Heli­um app to pair to it.

  12. William Avatar

    That’s great … one last thing just to be safe… does he need my app pin as it’s my min­er or does he need to get a full new wal­let with his own 12 seed num­bers… sor­ry I don’t want him to get con­fused… I heard there is a util­i­ty app for this process… thanks again

  13. He should use his own cre­den­tials. Nev­er share your app PIN or your 12 words with any­one! Cost me $50k to learn that one.

  14. William Avatar

    I wasn’t going to share the words…. Sor­ry to hear you got burned….. i take it that my friend gets the app and will be able to pair the min­er to his Wi-Fi ( that’s why I asked about giv­ing him the pin as I would have thought that as the min­er is reg­is­tered to me that no one else could access it)…. Any­way thanks I added it to my own wal­let and it is reg­is­tered now and I’m send­ing it today… thanks William

  15. William Avatar

    Ok thanks…. I pre­sume he will be able to pair the min­er with his own Heli­um app even though it’s reg­is­tered to me….and I can send tokens to his app…..
    Thanks for all your help

  16. Yes, he’ll be able to pair through his own Heli­um app.

  17. Hi there, thanks for all your help and patience… that min­er is up and run­ning. I hope you don’t me ask­ing for infor­ma­tion… this is the most use­ful and help­ful site… I wish I had come across it ear­li­er. Any­way I am in Lon­don and real­ly it’s not worth it for me and it’s adding val­ue to Heli­um. I’m going to vis­it friends west of Lon­don and I am going to relo­cate my min­er with some friends. I have a choice of about 4 places I can set it up but I am not sure what is the process ( I am aware of the $10 fee to assert) but if I want to try and find the best loca­tion as l will be there for 10 days do I need to pay €10 each time I try a new loca­tion… thanks and also if I am post­ing in the wrong sec­tion please let me know

  18. Hi Bill, I don’t think you’ll have time to gath­er enough infor­ma­tion at each spot; you real­ly want 7 days of data to make a deci­sion. I’d rec­om­mend just using a rough guessti­mate based on what the prob­a­ble line of sight is to oth­er min­ers that DON’T have con­nec­tions to lots of oth­er min­ers. Does that make sense?

  19. Hi thanks for your reply. I’m actu­al­ly just going to host it at a friends place. I’m not going to be. mov­ing as much as orig­i­nal­ly planned. I was won­der­ing can you con­nect the min­er and not reassert till it looks at least an improve­ment on Lon­don. Or will it not work in anoth­er loca­tion with­out a new assert. Thanks again

  20. Hi Bill, tech­ni­cal­ly you could move it with­out reassert­ing its loca­tion, but that may appear to the Net­work to be gam­ing (if all the RSSI val­ues are off) and you could get on the denylist for that. I’d just “rule of thumb” it with regards to whether or not you think the new loca­tion will be bet­ter or worse, then move it accordingly.

  21. Hey thanks again…. I actu­al­ly am at my friends house and I am try­ing to do the right thing and change loca­tion but now I’m up against anoth­er prob­lem …. A cou­ple of weeks ago I moved the few coins from the app to Binance and now I don’t have the $ 10 hnt to pay…. I logged into Binance as the coins are there and when I tried to with­draw back to my heli­um wal­let they have sus­pend­ed HNT with­draw­al…. Also the brand new one I sent to my mate up the north of UK is online but the remote assert to his place failed though I still have 1 free assert left…not hav­ing any luck

  22. I’d try the remote assert (with the free assert) again in a day. Out­side of that, you’re stuck wait­ing to earn more HNT or have Binance open back up. Sor­ry mate!

  23. Hi Nik.…..thanks for all your help.…..managed to assert the min­er and it’s ful­ly online today.…I bought HNT on 3 exchanges but none allowed trans­fer of HNT ( for my oth­er one I am mov­ing out of London.….……I’m hope­ful that the assert­ed one may earn a HNT so I can pay the assert fee.…( the alter­na­tive was to send it back here and it would take 2 to 3 months to earn on HNT.….anyway I am real­ly glad I stum­bled on here as you explain the whole process and the back­ground of the network…my 2 friends have found thus blog real­ly inter­est­ing as I could­n’t have giv­en them such an in depth overview and more about Helium.….I am very pos­i­tive about the Net­work even though I havent had much luck so far but the search­ing for info pays off in the end.…..big thanks BILL

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